by Dr. Colin Ross
reviewed by Norma Cross
January 28, 2004

The following is a review of the book “Bluebird: Deliberate Creation of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists“, written by Colin A. Ross, M.D. (ISBN: 0-9704525-1-9). Although the book covers many mind control issues, I will be limiting the subject matter of my review to the situation of the victims of electronic harassment and any information which will help us to back up the claims that we make. My own comments are enclosed in square brackets.

Dr. Ross has researched the topic of mind control extensively. Many of the statements are cited directly from MKULTRA documents which he researched. Those documents, some 18,000 pages, are publicly available.

The book was named after the CIA Project entitled BLUEBIRD, which was approved by the director of the CIA in 1950. In 1951, the project was renamed ARTICHOKE. This program involved “work on the creation of amnesia, hypnotic couriers and the Manchurian Candidate” (23). The Manchurian Candidate is a person who has multiple personalities (often created through mind control efforts), in which certain personalities are used for covert intelligence operations which are unknown to the other personalities. Hypnosis is involved in suppressing the personality(s) involved in the clandestine operations so that enemies cannot extract information from them. Often people who have been severely abused will be susceptible to being used in this way. Abuse leads to varying degrees of fragmentation of the personality. According to Ross, “the mind control experiments were conducted by a network of doctors that included leaders psychiatry and the major medical schools” (21).

In 1953, these projects became MKULTRA, the CIA’s program of research in behavioural modification. In 1964, this project became MKSEARCH, which ran until 1972, at which point most of the files associated with these projects were shredded by order of the CIA director, Richard Helms.

Summary of projects:

BLUEBIRD: 1950 - 1951
ARTICHOKE: 1951 - 1955 (this project went on past the start of MKULTRA)
MKULTRA: 1953 - 1964
MKSEARCH: 1964 - 1972

Dr. Ross cites various unethical experiments on the public, such as the Tuskeegee Syphilis Study, in which 399 illiterate rural poor black men with syphilis were recruited in 1932 and studied to see the effect on them of not treating the syphilis. Penicillin was available for 30 years, which would have cured the syphilis, but it was not administered. The study of these men lasted 25 years. They were given $25 for their participation in the study. Ross says, “The Tuskeegee Syphilis Study is relevant to mind control in several ways. It establishes that a large network of doctors and organizations are willing to participate in, fund and condone grossly unethical medical experimentation into the 1970’s. …The study proves that such experiments resulted in serious damage to study subjects and their children. …The role of general medicine in Tuskeegee is the same as psychiatry’s role in mind control” (p. 14).

[What he is getting at is that many psychiatrists willingly participated in unethical experiments involving an unwitting public.]

From the 1940s until the 1970’s, unethical radiation experiments were conducted on about 600 subjects in the United States. “Many people were injected with plutonium, x-rayed and exposed to other forms of radiation without their informed consent” (p. 16). In one experiment, “clouds of radioactive material were released into the atmosphere and tracked as they moved downwind, often through populated areas” (p. 17).

The “Boston Project”, in which subjects were injected with uranium, was run jointly by Massachusetts General Hospital and the Health Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dr, William Sweet was a neurosurgeon involved in this project as well as his own brain electrode experiments. In his 1995 testimony to the Advisory Committee, Dr. Sweet claimed that all the subjects gave informed consent. However, one of the subjects was injected with uranium when he arrived at the hospital unconscious and he died without regaining consciousness or being identified.

“The radiation experiments were interwoven with research on chemical and biological weapons, and infectious diseases. …Dr. Saul Krugman of New York University and his staff deliberately injected severely retarded children at Willowbrook State School with hepatitis virus in the 1950’s and 1960’s …Dr. Krugman defended the project and said that it was scientifically justified” (p.18-19).

In one MK-ULTRA institution, they injected radioactive materials into children with a consent form claiming that they were doing experiments to help “improve the nutrition of our children” (p.18). No mention of the radioactive materials was made.

[What these examples show is that the medical community not only conducted grossly unethical experiments on the public without informed consent (on children no less!), but they lied to the public and justified it to themselves as somehow benefiting mankind - i.e., evil means justifies a supposedly “good” end. It indicates the mentality that individual human beings are “expendible”. (How familiar are we with those feelings?) These experiments were funded by the CIA.]

According to Ross, “some elements of the programs, such as non-lethal weapons, have continued up to the present“ (21). Also, “subjects of LSD experiments included children as young as 5 years old, and brain electrodes were implanted in children as young as 11 years of age “ (21). Ross states that 4 of the CIA’s MK-ULTRA projects involved children - something that has not been publicly documented before. [I assume he meant that “Bluebird” was the first book to make mention of these CIA studies on children.]

In the following example, ARTICHOKE-like mind control techniques were applied to a suspected triple agent in 1964. From August 14, 1965 until October 28, 1967 (2 full years) he “was held in solitary confinement in a tiny windowless concrete cell at the CIA’s training facility… He was subjected to sleep deprivation, and there was neither heat nor air conditioning in his cell. He was monitored by closed circuit television 24 hours a day” (30).

A group of MKULTRA Subprojects “involved the development and testing of mind control drugs. The goal of these Subprojects was to identify compounds, used singly or in combination, which would assist in interrogation and in the creation of amnesia” (54). Methods to create controlled amnesia involved drugs, magnetic fields, sound waves, sleep deprivation, and solitary confinement (38). Another group of Subprojects involved research on non-chemical mind control or psychological warfare. Included were “studies of social psychology, group psychology, psychotherapy, hypnosis, sudden religious conversion, and sleep and sensory deprivation” (54). This Subgroup (psychological warfare) makes up about 25 % of the MKULTRA Subprojects. It involved mostly contractors (researchers) of unwitting status - i.e. they didn’t know that the money came from the CIA.

[These examples illustrate the mind control techniques studied and used by the CIA. Many of these are all too familiar to victims of electronic harassment. Is it any wonder when we are blasted with sounds and sleep deprivation, and find ourselves increasingly socially isolated, that the CIA comes to mind? They have without a doubt set a precedent in this sort of conduct.]

In an investigation of “hypnotic induction of non-willing subjects”, “non-verbal induction techniques” were used, such as “long duration of monotonous audio or visual stimulation” (59). [Perhaps the hums, tones and high frequency sounds which we hear have something to do with hypnotic induction? We are certainly non-willing subjects.]

Another CIA project, entitled Project OFTEN, “was designed to test the behavioural effects of drugs on animals and humans“. The researchers looked for a “compound that could simulate a heart attack or stroke in the targeted individual” (66). [Once again, the mentality of this CIA project sets a precedent for what the victims of e-harassment often experience. Anyone suffered a simulated heart attack or stroke? I’ve had 3 or 4 since this all began. An EEG showed no damage to my heart muscle.]

Chapter 8, entitled Brain Electrode Implants, is particularly relevant to our situation. MKULTRA Subproject 129 was entitled “Computer Analysis of Bioelectric Response Patterns” and related to an MKULTRA project goal of “increasing [their] understanding of the human cerebral hemispheres” (86). [If I am not mistaken, that sounds like mind reading.]

MKULTRA Subproject 94 involved placing electrodes into the brains of animals in order to control their behavior. By using a remote transmitter, the doctors could control the animals' movements and use them for delivery of bombs and biological and chemical weapons. A CIA MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD dated 18 October 1960 describes the research:

The purpose of this Subproject is to provide for a continuation of investigations on the remote directional control of activities in selected species of animals. Miniaturized stimulating electrode implants in specific brain center areas will be utilized... The ultimate objective of this research is to provide an understanding of
the mechanisms involved in directional control of animals and to provide practical systems for [whited out] application.

[In 1960 (!) there were "miniaturized stimulating electrode implants" which could be remotely (!) controlled. There is no doubt that the technology has improved significantly in 44 years.]

The overall goal of this and other subprojects (such as 124), as summed up by Ross, was “to control the mind and behavior and to cause dissociation, through a combination of drugs, sensory isolation, hypnosis, brain electrode implants, electric shock and beaming different kinds of energy at the brain”, as well as “the ability to create a limited, controlled amnesia” (87). Ross states:

Brain electrode experiments were also conducted in humans, but there is no declassified documentation of the use of the human subjects in field-testing or in actual operations. (87)

[By field-testing, I assume that Dr. Ross means outside of a laboratory or hospital situation (?).]

Dr. Jose Delgado, a neurosurgeon and professor at Yale, did extensive experiments using implants. He received military funding for brain electrode research on children and adults (88). Dr. Delgado did research on “monkeys and cats and in one paper describes the cats as ‘mechanical toys’. He was able to control the MOVEMENTS of his animal and HUMAN subjects by pushing buttons on a remote transmitter box” (88).

[This research took place in the 50’s and 60’s. If this was possible then, what is possible now? For example, the idea that something like thought reading or thought implantation is NOT possible over 40 years later is what is truly absurd, not the idea that it IS possible. It goes without question that the technology would have advanced that far at the very least.]

The following quote describes the extent of control possible over a human being using remote stimulation of a brain electrode. This is another of Delgado’s experiments involving an 11 year old boy:

In the same patient electrical stimulation of the superior temporal convolution induced the appearance of feminine striving and confusion about his own sexual identity. These effects were specific, reliable, and statistically significant. For example, the patient… said, “I was thinking about whether I was a boy or a girl, which one I’d like to be,” and “I’d like to be a girl.” After one of the stimulations, the patient suddenly began to discuss his desire to get married, expressing then a wish to marry the male interviewer.

In two adult female patients stimulation of the same region was also followed by discussion of marriage and expression of a wish to marry the therapist. Temporal-lobe stimulation produced in another patient open manifestations and declarations of pleasure, accompanied by giggles and joking with the therapist. (89)

Ross states: “Dr. Delgado wrote a book entitled Physical Control of the Mind: Toward a Psycho-Civilized Society. In it he described his vision of evolution. Delgado believed that the control of the human brain through remote stimulation of implanted electrodes offered man another step up the evolutionary ladder. With this technology, man could directly control his own mind, mood and behavior.” (89)

Brain electrode research was also conducted by doctors at Harvard using the electrodes developed by Delgado (called the ‘Stimoceiver‘). Dr. Sweet, mentioned earlier as being involved in the radiation experiments, was also involved in the Harvard experiments. Another doctor, Frank Ervin, later went onto the UCLA Violence Center to study ways of controlling criminals with brain electrode implants (89).

Two of the Harvard doctors, Mark and Ervin describe in their book, Violence and the Brain, “implanting brain electrodes in a large number of patients at Harvard hospitals” (90). One of the patients in their book is shown in photographs as “smiling, angry, or pounding the wall depending on which button is being pushed on the transmitter box sending signals to her brain electrodes” (91). [Clearly, the doctors had the ability to control human behavior with brain implants many years ago.]

Dr. Ervin was trained by Dr. Robert Heath, Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Neurology at Tulane University in New Orleans from 1949 to 1980 (92). Dr. Heath “received CIA and military money for hallucinogen and brain electrode implant research at Tulane University” (81). Dr. Heath studied the effects of various drugs on people who had been implanted with electrodes, as well as observed various aspects of sexuality of implanted individuals. Ross states, “Dr. Heath brought women to org@sm by electrical stimulation of electrodes he had implanted in their brains” (96). [Many e-harassment victims claim to be artificially genitally stimulated. Dr. Health’s research shows that it is entirely possible to stimulate a sexual response through the brain.]

[Although the following quote is not from “Bluebird” but from “Mind Controllers”, by Dr. Armen Victorian, it leaves no doubt that implantation of a person with “brain electrodes” was relatively easy to do without a person’s knowledge:

“Dr. Antoine Redmond [Director of the National Institute for Mental Health]… has demonstrated that this method of stimulation of the brain can be applied to the human without the help of a neurosurgeon; he is doing it in his office without neurosurgical supervision. This means that anyone with the proper apparatus can carry this out on a person covertly, with no external signs that electrodes have been used on that person covertly. I feel that if this technique got into the hands of a security agency, they would have control over a human being and be able to change his beliefs extremely quickly, leaving little evidence of what they had done.”

- Dr. John C. Lilly, p.151 of “Mind Controllers”

Dr. Lilly conducted brain electrode experiments on animals during the 1950’s. The nasal cavity and the ear were common locations for the implant of the stimoceiver (p. 161 of “Mind Controllers“). Once again I have to stress the point: if it was possible to implant and control people without their consent or knowledge back then, what is possible now?]

Chapter 9, entitled Non-Lethal Weapons, also contains a wealth of relevant information to our situation. Dr. Ross defines non-lethal weapons:

Non-lethal weapons is a broad category which includes devices for beaming various kinds of energy at human targets in order to temporarily incapacitate them, or to control or affect their behavior. Non-lethal weapons research has been conducted at universities in the United States on contract to the CIA, and has overlapped with research on hallucinogens and brain electrode implants. Funding of the experiments began in MKULTRA. (103)

Early testimony to the Senate on non-lethal weapons research by Dr. Charles Geschickter includes the following quotes:

The other [study]… was the use of radar to put monkeys to sleep to see if they … could put them under with radar directed towards the monkey’s brain.

Senator SCHWEIKER: Could they?

Dr. GESCHICKTER: Did they go to sleep?

Senator SCHWEIKER: Yes.

Yes, sir. But, Senator, it showed if you got into too deep a sleep, you injured the heat center of the brain - the way you cook meat - and there was a borderline there that made it dangerous. (103)

The above experiments were part of MKULTRA Subproject 62. Dr. Maitland Baldwin, a neurosurgeon, carried out the experiments. One of the project’s status reports stated that, “certain kinds of radio frequency energy have been found to effect irreversible neurological changes in chimpanzees”. The resulting publication of the research was called “Effects of radio-frequency energy on primate cerebral activity.” (104)

The same doctor who carried out the above experiments also described a technique for implanting electrodes in the human brain. At the time, he had implanted electrodes in the brains of 30 people over a 5 year period. (104)

Another MKULTRA Subproject (#54) was studying “how to produce concussions from a distance using mechanical blast waves propagated through the air. Under the heading of ‘POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF THE RESEARCH FINDINGS,’ the contractor says that such a concussion ‘is always followed by amnesia for the actual moment of the accident’. He also states:

The blast duration would be in the order of a tenth of a second. Masking a noise of this duration would not be difficult. It would be advantageous to establish the effectiveness of both of the above methods as a tool in brain-wash therapy”. (105)

MKULTRA subproject 119 included a summary of existing information on “Techniques of activation of the human organism by remote electronic means”. (105) [What, I wonder, is “activation of the human organism”?]

These early experiments provided the foundation for the non-lethal weapons research that followed. As one example of non-lethal weapons research, Ross cites a 1990’s article in U.S. News and World Report which said that “acoustic weapons research is ongoing at Scientific Applications & Research Associates, Inc. in Huntington Beach, California, with testing at nearby Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base.”

Ross discusses a classified mind control program called “Sleeping Beauty” which was investigated by Schnabel who claims that it was a “Defense Department Study of remote microwave mind-influencing techniques”. (116)

[The following sets a precedent for studying people in their own home environment. Although the electrodes were external in this one de-classified case, there is no reason that this same thing can‘t be done (or wasn’t done) with internal electrodes.]

“A 1969 research project, also funded by the Air Force and the Public Health Service, describes using EEG telemetry equipment on a 10-year old girl. The girl slept at home with external EEG links to her head (not electrodes implanted in her brain), and the EEG signals were transmitted from the electrodes to a radio receiver, then fed into the phone line and transmitted to Dr. Adey’s lab two miles away. The EEG printout was read easily by laboratory personnel.” (117)

In an experiment by Dr. Jose Delgado, using monkeys, his paper “includes photographs of monkeys running frantically in their cages because their brain electrodes are being stimulated by a remote transmitter.” (117)

A project in California was cancelled due to public protest. It was a “proposal to implant brain electrodes in prisoners at Vacaville State Prison. The prisoners were to be monitored by remote tracking technology post-discharge. If they entered a restricted area or exhibited sexual arousal patterns on remote EEG telemetry, a signal would be sent to their brain electrodes immobilizing them, and law enforcement personnel would be dispatched to apprehend them.” (119)

[This is incredibly significant. It shows that thoughts can be read (at least to the point of sexual arousal) and people can be controlled through implants.]

[The following quote from Dr. Ross is useful in establishing the precedent that human experimentation DOES occur in the U.S. and Canada (and obviously elsewhere):]

Mental patients, cancer patients, prisoners and unwitting citizens were experimented on by mind control doctors at Yale, Harvard, McGill, Stanford, UCLA and other major universities.

These human guinea pigs were never told that they were subjects in military and CIA mind control experiments, and they never gave informed consent. They received no systematic follow-up to document the harm done to them. The welfare of ‘human subjects’ was not a relevant variable in the academic equation. (126)

Mention is made of something called “psychic driving”. It was a method of behavior modification developed by Dr. Ewen Cameron (prominent Canadian Psychiatrist who was funded by the CIA and the U.S. military). Psychic driving was used as part of his brain-washing techniques, and was discussed in a paper of the same title. Cameron said, “Analogous to [psychic driving] is the breakdown of the individual under continuous interrogation.” Ross goes on to discuss psychic driving:

Psychic driving was a procedure carried out in two stages; in the first stage, patients were depatterned, which meant that they were reduced to a vegetable state through a combination of massive amounts of electro convulsive shock, drug-induced sleep and sensory isolation and deprivation. When fully depatterned, patients were incontinent of urine and feces, unable to feed themselves, and unable to state their name, age, location, or the current date.

In the second stage, psychic driving was introduced. This consisted of hundreds of hours of tape loops being played to the patient through earphones, special helmets or speakers in the sensory isolation room. The tape loops repeated statements of supposed psychological significance. If such procedures were carried out under third world dictators, they would be denounced as human rights violations by American and Canadian Psychiatry, and would be called brainwashing. (129)

[The reason this may be of significance is not only that many victims have felt that their lives have been systematically broken down, but there is some discussion that the high frequency sound we hear may be attempts at hypnotic suggestion. The voices are sped up to coincide with the speed of the brain, and so are recognized by the brain but bypass the consciousness.]

Ross makes mention of an “article in The Dallas Morning News, Jan. 29, 1997, describing how the Baltimore Sun obtained a 1983 CIA manual through the Freedom of Information Act. The manual was used to teach non-coercive interrogation techniques to foreign agents… The manual taught techniques studied in BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE and MKULTRA; the same brainwashing techniques were used… by the Gestapo, on Patty Hurst…, and on patients at Penetang Psychiatric Hospital… The CIA manual taught techniques for the induction of ’intense fear, deep exhaustion, solitary confinement, unbearable anxiety and other forms of psychological duress,’ and was used until at least 1983. (153)

Ross did an excellent job of showing that many of the foundations within this mind control network were funded by Masons. In addition, many prominent researchers and doctors were Masons as well. Ross accuses the medical and academic professions of “decades of deception, implausible denial, and looking the other way.” (154)

[This is an important point because much of the evidence from several sources points towards Masonic involvement in these unethical activities.]

In another Senate testimony the following statement was made by Dr. John Gittinger, lead psychologist for MKULTRA, when asked to characterize the state of the art of brainwashing at the time:

[By] 1962 and 1963, the general idea that we were able to come up with is that brainwashing was largely a process of isolating a human being, keeping him out of contact, putting him under long stress in relationship to interviewing and interrogation, and that they could produce any change that way without having to resort to esoteric means. (172)

[What all of this indicates is that brainwashing was a prominent area of study for the CIA, and no doubt continues to be.]

I will close my review of Bluebird with a significant statement made by Dr. Ross:

“There is abundant evidence in the public domain that non-lethal weapons research is ongoing and funded annually in the tens of millions of dollars, or more. Given the fact that chemical and biological weapons, mind control drugs and radiation have been tested on unwitting civilian populations, it is possible that non-lethal weapons have also been tested on unwitting citizens.” He goes on to say that, “To date, organized and academic medicine have acted as if non-lethal weapons do not exist”. (106)

In my review, I have focused on the following five areas:

(1) Establishing a precedent for grossly unethical, non-consensual experimentation on human beings by the US government, the CIA and the military,

(2) The extensive use of brain electrode implants in studying the brain using remote stimulation and remote telemetry,

(3) The obvious evidence that 40 years ago it was possible to control a human being as well as to read a person’s thoughts using implants [which could be inserted covertly],

(4) The precedent that mind control and brainwashing was an important part of the CIA’s agenda,

(5) The establishment that non-lethal weapons research is very likely a part of ongoing non-consensual human experimentation which has not yet been “declassified”.